Fernando de Noronha

Fernando de Noronha

Fernando de Noronha is a spectacular archipelago of untamed beaches, turquoise waters and unspoiled natural landscapes situated 350 kilometers off the northeastern coast of Brazil. The islands discovered by Amerigo Vespucci in 1503 are now the Mecca for divers and snorkelers all over the world. It is a paradise for people in search of exotic and relaxing destinations.

Fernando de Noronha is an archipelago of 21 islands and islets in the Atlantic Ocean, 354 km  offshore from the Brazilian coast. The main island has an area of 18.4 square kilometres and had a population of 3,012 in the year 2010. The area is a special municipality of the Brazilian state of Pernambuco and is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Its timezone is UTC-02:00. The local population and travellers can get to Noronha by plane or cruise from Recife (545 km) or by plane from Natal (360 km).

The island was covered in forest until the 19th century, when it was cleared to prevent prisoners on the island from building rafts. The islands are now predominantly covered by shrubs, with some areas of recently planted secondary forest.

The islands have two endemic birds – the Noronha Elaenia (Elaenia ridleyana) and the Noronha Vireo (Vireo gracilirostris). Both are present on the main island.

The life above and below sea is the main attraction of the island. Sea tortoises, dolphins, albatrosses and many other species are frequently observed.

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fernando_de_Noronha


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