Easter Island

Easter Island

One of the most isolated islands on Earth, Easter Island is located in the southeastern Pacific Ocean. Officially a territory of Chile, it lies thousands of miles off the coast roughly halfway to Tahiti. The island is famous for its 887 extant monumental statues, called moai, created by the early Rapanui people centuries ago. Not surprisingly, the well-publicized moai have overshadowed the island’s other tourist attractions. But Easter Island also offers some great diving and surfing as well as two volcanic craters and several sandy beaches.

Easter Island is one of the most remote inhabited islands in the world.[6] The nearest inhabited land is Pitcairn Island at 2,075 kilometres, and the nearest continental point lies in central Chile, at 3,512 kilometres . Easter Island is a special territory of Chile that was annexed in 1888.

The history of Easter Island is rich and controversial. Its inhabitants have endured famines, epidemics, civil war, slave raids, colonialism, and near deforestation; its population declined precipitously more than once. The island was most likely populated by Polynesians who navigated in canoes or catamarans from the Gambier Islands or the Marquesas Islands, 3,200 km away.

Easter Island, together with its closest neighbor, the tiny island of Isla Sala y Gómez 415 kilometers further east, is recognized by ecologists as a distinct ecoregion, the Rapa Nui subtropical broadleaf forests.

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Easter_Island


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